Albumin:creatinine ratio (urine)
Also known (incorrectly) as microalbumin. Microalbuminuria (trace amounts of albumin in the urine) is an early indicator of diabetic nephropathy and is usually measured as the albumin:creatinine ratio.
Diagnosis of diabetic nephropathy in diabetics and high-risk populations, eg. those with essential hypertension. Gross proteinuria should be assessed using urine protein.
|Sample & container required||Random urine in universal container (preferred) or 24 hour urine collection (plain)|
|Sample volume||Random urine: 0.5 mL or 24 hour urine collection|
|Turnaround time||Random urine: 1 day
24 hour urine collection: 2 days