FISH analysis for Chimerism analysis (XX/XY) Post-BMT
|Specialist Integrated Haematological Malignancy Diagnostic Service (SIHMDS) >> Cytogenetics
FISH involves the application of fluorescent DNA probes specific to genes or genetic regions of interest that highlight abnormalities involving these regions.
In patients who have received sex-mismatched bone marrow transplants, X/Y FISH is a useful means of rapidly screening large numbers of bone marrow cells for the presence of host cells that may be a sign of engraftment failure or early relapse.
|Sample & container required
|A minimum of 2-3mls Bone marrow in lithium heparin. 3-5mls peripheral blood in lithium heparin (if disease cells are present in sufficient numbers to allow cell culture and/or FISH studies, as appropriate)
EDTA PB and BM samples (>1ml) are acceptable for FISH only studies as appropriate. Please note the laboratory does not provide transport medium. Samples sent in transport media from an external laboratory containing Lithium heparin will be accepted if no other media available
|Samples would not be rejected on the basis of small volume, however, 5 mL is ideal.
|Post BMT samples are treated as routine; 95% should be reported within 21 calendar days
If the blood counts are abnormal (high or low white cell count) the volumes of BM/PB requested can be adjusted accordingly. For culture (karyotyping) a WCC of 5×10^6 cells per ml is optimal.