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Category Biochemistry >> Trace elements
Test background

Trace elements can be essential or toxic. Trace element toxicity can occur as a result of occupational exposure, environmental exposure or iatrogenic toxicity. Any organ can be affected: the central nervous system, liver, kidneys, muscles or circulatory system. All elements can be toxic in excess. Those most commonly associated with toxicity include: aluminium, lead, arsenic, cadmium, mercury and thallium.

Clinicial Indications

Presentation of pneumonitis, kidney failure, pulmonary oedema, abdominal pain, diarrhoea and vomiting (acute – high concentrations)
Presentation of gingivitis and stomatitis with excessive salivation, headaches and CNS effects, such as tremor and personality changes (chronic – low dose/concentration)

Reference range

See Report

Sample & container required Blood: EDTA (lavender top). Urine: random sample or 24 hour collection
Sample volume 0.5 mL
Transport storage Stable at 2-8°C Sample can be sent by first class post.
Turnaround time 2 weeks